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Evidence of Insurability (EOI) is a process insurance companies use to assess an individual's health and lifestyle risks before issuing a life insurance policy. It's a way for insurers to determine the risk level they are taking by insuring you. The EOI process typically involves a series of questions about your health, medical history, lifestyle habits and sometimes, a medical examination.

Apprehending how EOI works, the requirements, how to demonstrate it and what alternatives exist if you cannot provide EOI can help you find the best life insurance policy based on your circumstances and needs.

How Evidence of Insurability for Life Insurance Works

When you apply for a life insurance policy, the insurer will request evidence of insurability (EOI). This usually involves filling out a comprehensive questionnaire about your health and lifestyle. The questionnaire is designed to gather information about factors that could impact your life expectancy, such as your medical history, current health status and lifestyle habits.

In some cases, the insurance company may also require a medical examination to gain further insight into your health and reveal any conditions that might not have been disclosed or known during the questionnaire.

Once the insurance company has all this information, they will assess your risk level. This assessment is based on statistical data and actuarial tables, which help the insurer predict the likelihood of a claim being made on the policy. Actuarial tables, also called mortality tables, are charts insurance companies use to predict a person's life expectancy based on various factors like age, gender and health.

Requirements for Evidence of Insurability for Life Insurance

When applying for life insurance, the EOI process requires you to provide specific information about your health and lifestyle. These help the insurance company assess your risk level and determine the terms of your policy.

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    Health History

    One of the primary requirements for EOI is a comprehensive health history. This includes information about any severe or chronic illnesses you've had, surgeries you've undergone and medications you're currently taking. You'll also need to provide details about your family's health history, as certain conditions can be hereditary.

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    Lifestyle Information

    Your lifestyle can significantly impact your health and longevity, so insurance companies will want to know about any habits that could increase your risk. This includes smoking, alcohol consumption, drug use and participation in high-risk activities like skydiving or motor racing. Your occupation may also be considered, primarily if you work in a high-risk job.

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    Current Health Status

    In addition to your health history, you'll need to provide information about your current health status. This includes your height, weight and any existing health conditions. You may also be required to undergo a medical examination to verify this information.

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    Age and Gender

    Your age and gender are also essential factors in the EOI process. Statistically, younger people and women tend to live longer, which can influence your life insurance policy terms.

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    Financial Information

    Some insurance companies may also require financial information, such as your income and financial obligations. This helps the insurer determine whether you can afford the policy and how much coverage you need.

How To Show Evidence of Insurability for Life Insurance

Demonstrating EOI is an essential step in the life insurance application process. It involves providing detailed information about your health, lifestyle and sometimes undergoing a medical examination.

The process may vary per insurance company, but it typically involves the following steps:


Complete a Health and Lifestyle Questionnaire

The first step in showing EOI is to fill out a comprehensive questionnaire provided by the insurance company. This questionnaire will ask about your current health status, medical history, lifestyle habits and family health history. Be prepared to provide information about any existing health conditions, medications you're taking, your smoking and drinking habits, exercise routine and any high-risk activities you participate in.


Complete a Medical Examination

You may sometimes be required to undergo a medical exam. This could involve a physical check-up, blood tests or other diagnostic procedures. The results of these tests provide further insight into your health and can reveal conditions that might not have been disclosed or known during the questionnaire.


Provide Additional Documentation

Depending on the insurance company and the type of policy you're applying for, you may also need to provide additional documentation. This could include medical records from your doctor or results from recent health screenings.

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Providing inaccurate or incomplete information can lead to higher premiums, policy cancellation or the denial of a future claim. It's in your best interest to provide accurate and complete information to ensure you get the coverage you need at a fair price.

What To Do if You Can’t Show Evidence of Insurability

Although EOI is often required for life insurance, there are alternative options if you cannot provide one due to health issues or other reasons.

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    Consider Guaranteed Issue Life Insurance

    Guaranteed issue life insurance is a type of policy that doesn't require EOI. Acceptance is guaranteed, regardless of your health status. These policies typically offer lower coverage amounts and have higher premiums compared to traditional life insurance, but they can be a viable option for individuals who can't show EOI due to serious health conditions.

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    Explore Group Life Insurance

    Another option is group life insurance, often provided by employers or professional associations. These policies usually don't require EOI and offer a basic level of coverage as a part of employee benefits or membership perks. Although the coverage amount might be lower than individual policies, it can provide some financial protection for your loved ones.

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    Look at Simplified Issue Life Insurance

    Simplified issue life insurance is another alternative. While it does require some health information, it doesn't require a full medical exam. The application process is quicker and less invasive, making it a good option for those who can't show comprehensive EOI.

Frequently Asked Questions About Evidence of Insurability for Life Insurance

We addressed some frequently asked questions to help you better understand the process of providing evidence of insurability for life insurance.

About Melissa Wylie

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Melissa Wylie is a Content and SEO Manager at MoneyGeek. Melissa has worked in the financial content space since 2018 and has spent much of that time focused on all things small business.

Prior to joining MoneyGeek, Melissa held SEO positions at Bankrate and LendingTree. Melissa’s work has also appeared on LendingTree-owned websites ValuePenguin and MagnifyMoney.

Melissa began her career at American City Business Journals in 2015 as a reporter for the company’s women-focused publication Bizwomen. Melissa has a Bachelor of Arts in Journalism from the University of North Texas. Melissa relies on her foundation in journalism to craft content that simplifies complex financial topics to help everyone feel confident when making decisions with their money.

Melissa's other work can be read on LendingTree and Bizwomen.