Telematics Insurance: Usage-Based Auto Coverage

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Updated: May 20, 2024

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What Is Telematics Insurance?

Telematics insurance, or usage-based insurance (UBI), is a type of auto insurance wherein an individual’s premium is determined by either one of two things: mileage or behavior. Mileage-based insurance calculates rates according to how much an individual drives their car. On the other hand, behavior-based insurance determines rates based on driving habits. Both models use in-car monitoring devices that use the data collected to calculate premiums.

Key Takeaways


Telematics car insurance provides insurers with a new way to determine premiums.

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Mileage-based insurance charges you based on how many miles you drive, which is best for retirees, city residents who use public transportation and drivers who work from home or don’t often commute for other reasons.

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Behavior-based insurance charges you based on your habits on the road, good or bad, which include braking too hard or using your phone while driving.

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Individuals can use a black box, plug-and-drive tool or a mobile app to gather data that tells providers about mileage or behavior.

Telematics Insurance: How It Works

Telematics insurance uses monitoring devices such as a mobile app, plugin device or an in-car monitoring unit to gather data on your mileage or driving behavior, which insurers then use to calculate rates.

In particular, mileage-based insurance, known as pay-per-mile insurance, will charge you based on how many miles you drive. On the other hand, behavior-based insurance gathers data to track your driving behavior and rewards you with discounts if you drive safely. Review more about each program below.

How Does Telematics Insurance Work?


Pay-per-mile insurance bases your premiums on how much you drive. This is best for low-mileage drivers or those who infrequently drive, such as those who own a car but work from home and only use it for occasional errands.

With pay-per-mile insurance, providers will calculate your base rate and rate per mile, which still depend on traditional factors such as age, location, driving history and other details. After calculation, you will be given a device or tool that helps collect driving-related data, which can come in the form of a mobile app or an in-car device. As you use your car, the data will be transmitted to the insurer, who will apply your per-mile rate to your base premium.

It’s worth noting that pay-per-mile insurance is not available in all states — but in those that are, some of the most affordable pay-per-mile insurers include Nationwide, MetroMile, Allstate and Liberty Mutual.

Additionally, based on MoneyGeek’s calculation, pay-per-mile is only more affordable than traditional policies if you travel less than 26 miles per week. If you drive more than this, it might not be your best option.


With behavior-based insurance, providers increase or decrease your premiums based on how well you drive. For instance, they can use an in-car device and/or mobile device to determine certain behaviors, such as whether you:

  • Drive on weekends, at night or during inclement weather
  • Brake or accelerate quickly
  • Use your phone
  • Speed

Other behaviors may be examined, which can vary depending on the insurer. Behavior-based insurance benefits those with an impeccable driving record, granting them more discounts that lower their premiums.

Fortunately, most insurers offer behavior-based auto insurance programs, depending on where you live. Some of the top insurers that do offer this service include Root, Progressive, GEICO, State Farm, Allstate and more.

Forms of Telematics Tracking

Telematics devices for vehicles can vary based on the insurer. For instance, some providers may use a plug-and-drive tool, while others may opt to use a smartphone app. Review some of the most popular telematics tools for vehicles used by insurers below.

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    Black Box

    A black box, also known as a telematics box, is a small device attached to your vehicle's dashboard. Your insurance company receives data about your driving dynamics via GPS. Black boxes are typically part of your insurance premium, but there may be an added cost if you decide to change vehicles.

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    Similar to a black box, a plug-and-drive device uses a GPS to provide data. However, instead of being placed on the dashboard, it can be simply plugged into your car’s USB port, 12V adapter or OBD socket. This allows you to easily transfer the device if you change vehicles. However, keep in mind that your insurer will still need to know if you switch cars as it may play a role in your premium.

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    Smartphone App

    A smartphone app is one of the most convenient tools providers use, as it will not require any installation in your vehicle. Most apps will power on automatically, collecting data once you’re on the road and sending it to the provider via WiFi or GPS. However, as most individuals take their phones wherever they go, it’s important to turn off the tracking app once done driving to avoid accidentally accumulating more miles.

Behavior- and mileage-based insurance types use your data through various channels to reward or penalize your usage. Through the collected data, insurers can decrease or increase premiums, sometimes saving you more money in the long run.

Generally, mileage-based insurance is only suitable for those who rarely drive. In contrast, behavior-based insurance is best for those with clean records and safe driving habits. A traditional policy may be better for you if you drive to and from work daily or have a violation on your record.

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Knowing how much car insurance you need is essential before applying for any insurance, whether a telematics insurance policy or a traditional one. Generally, having comprehensive and collision insurance along with 100/300/100 in liability is the best coverage for most drivers. More coverage is recommended depending on age, location, vehicle, etc.

Privacy concerns over telematics insurance usage

Privacy Concerns Regarding Telematics

Gathering data on your driving is the key to insurers granting discounts based on mileage and behavior, but it also raises privacy concerns. Since providers use tools to get your data and transmit this information wirelessly to their servers, it opens a doorway for all sorts of use. After all, black boxes and mobile apps can tell insurers where you go, what time you went there and for how long. It can even determine who is behind the wheel if there’s voice recognition.

While these can also help with civil actions, such as divorce, and criminal cases like thievery, insurers’ access to this data may make some feel less secure. As such, it’s important to opt for providers who are completely transparent about what type of data they collect and when they collect it. In some states, insurers must disclose how data is collected and used from telematics devices, but in states where this is not a requirement, you may want to ask your provider for more information to protect your privacy.

Telematics: Benefits and Drawbacks

Telematics-based insurance can sound like an advantage for some drivers, but just like any insurance, it has its drawbacks. Review some of the pros and cons below to see if behavior- or mileage-based insurance is the right fit for you.

Benefits and Drawbacks

  • It offers more accurately-priced premiums as it is directly based on mileage or behavior.
  • It can allow drivers to control their premiums, as less driving or better behavior leads to reduced rates.
  • It encourages better driving and fewer people on the road, which promotes a healthier environment and society.
  • It can provide data that helps insurers better estimate the cost of damages in case of a claim.
  • It can give insight into an individual’s overall driving habits.
  • It is not beneficial for those who have poor driving records.
  • It can increase premiums significantly if an accident occurs.
  • Premiums are not a fixed rate each month, which can make budgeting difficult.
  • If a mobile app is used, it may require frequent disputing of driving data. Apps cannot always accurately detect who is driving.
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For some, telematics-based auto insurance is a great way to go. That's not the case for every individual. Find the right auto insurance for you by browsing through our guides on the best auto insurance based on driver profile, driving history and more. Whether you need an affordable policy, excellent customer service or want to know what’s available in your area, MoneyGeek has a guide for you.

Telematics Insurance FAQ

Using telematics to determine auto insurance rates may not be a known concept for everyone. If you still have questions, MoneyGeek answered some commonly asked questions below.

How does telematics insurance work?
What does telematics mean?
What are the advantages of telematics insurance?

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Review some of MoneyGeek’s other guides in the car insurance space below.

About Nathan Paulus

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Nathan Paulus is the Head of Content Marketing at MoneyGeek, with nearly 10 years of experience researching and creating content related to personal finance and financial literacy.

Paulus has a bachelor's degree in English from the University of St. Thomas, Houston. He enjoys helping people from all walks of life build stronger financial foundations.