The Top Cities for US Job Seekers in 2024

ByGeoff Williams
Reviewed byDoug Milnes, CFA

Updated: May 12, 2024

ByGeoff Williams
Reviewed byDoug Milnes, CFA

Updated: May 12, 2024

Advertising & Editorial Disclosure

Amid news of high-profile layoffs, the national unemployment rate is actually relatively low. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, it was just 3.9% in February 2024, a rate comparable to unemployment before the start of the pandemic. It's still a job seekers’ market, which may inspire some to take the financial risk of moving to a new state or city.

Using data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics and the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, MoneyGeek explored 94 metropolitan areas with labor forces of at least 300,000 to find the best and worst places for job seekers in the U.S. in 2024. We analyzed five key economic factors to determine our ranking: wage and job growth, unemployment rate, labor force size and housing affordability. In addition to ranking the best and worst cities overall, MoneyGeek ranked the best and worst cities for each of the key economic factors measured. Here's what we found.

Key Findings:
  • Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, is the best city for job seekers, experiencing high job and earnings growth in the past year alongside low unemployment rates.

  • The worst city for job seekers is Oxnard, California — stagnant earnings growth and declines in employment put this city at the bottom of our ranking.

  • 5 of the 10 best cities for job seekers are in Florida: high job and wage growth make these cities desirable for job seekers.

  • Tampa, Florida, is the best city for young adult job seekers — there, individuals aged 18 to 24 make up 13% of the population. The city also boasts impressive job growth and low unemployment rates.

  • Tucson, Arizona, experienced the highest wage growth of all cities analyzed at 4.1%.

The Best (and Worst) Cities for Job Seekers in the US

MoneyGeek analyzed 94 of the largest cities in the United States to find the best and worst places for job seekers in 2024. We looked at each community’s growth in employment from 2022 to 2023 and from 2020 to 2023, growth in hourly wages from 2022 to 2023, current unemployment rate, current labor force size and average monthly wage over monthly rent ratio to determine our rankings. The most important factors — including three-year and one-year employment growth and growth in hourly wages — were double-weighted (22%), while the other factors each contributed 11%.

Best Cities for Job Seekers in the US

The best cities for job seekers have impressive job and wage growth, low job competition and affordable housing prices; in other words, they provide solid employment opportunities and low-cost living.

Top 15 Cities for Job Seekers in 2024
Rank
City
Total Score

1

Oklahoma City, OK

100.0

2

Cape Coral, FL

98.3

3

Jacksonville, FL

97.6

4

Orlando, FL

97.3

5

Tampa, FL

91.5

6

Salt Lake City, UT

91.0

7

Raleigh, NC

90.2

8

Greenville, SC

89.0

Best Cities for Young Adult Job Seekers

Some of the cities with the highest earnings growth and low unemployment had a higher-than-average concentration of young adults, defined as individuals aged 18 to 24. Of the cities we analyzed, young adults constituted 12.2% of the population, on average. Below are the five cities ranked in the 10 best cities that also have an above-average young adult population; these could be excellent places for young people new to the job market to find opportunity and community.

TOP 5 CITIES FOR YOUNG ADULT JOB SEEKERS IN 2024
Rank
City
Total Score
Young Adult Population

1

Tampa, FL

91.5

12.5%

2

Salt Lake City, UT

91.0

18.1%

3

Raleigh, NC

90.2

13.0%

4

Greenville, SC

89.0

12.6%

5

Charleston, SC

87.6

13.0%

Worst Cities for Job Seekers in the US

While the top cities on our list are affordable, growing and relatively uncompetitive, the worst cities for job seekers tend to have slower wage and job growth, less affordable housing relative to income and competitive job markets. These 15 cities ranked the lowest on our list.

15 Worst Cities for Job Seekers in 2024
Rank
City
Total Score

1

Oxnard, CA

0.0

2

Worcester, MA

0.7

3

Stockton, CA

5.6

4

Hartford, CT

5.9

5

Chicago, IL

8.0

6

Akron, OH

9.8

7

Springfield, MA

12.0

8

Los Angeles, CA

12.4

Factors That Make a City Ideal for Job Seekers

MoneyGeek ranked the best and worst cities using four key factors — job growth, wage growth, unemployment rate and housing-to-income ratio — to better understand which cities best served those seeking employment and which fell flat. These factors all contribute to what makes a city attractive or less-than-ideal for job seekers; many cities excel in some areas but fall short in others.

To better understand how well or poorly cities performed in each of our ranking categories, MoneyGeek found the best (and worst) cities for each category. You can find those rankings — along with a brief description of their significance — below.

Job Growth Over the Last 12 Months


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Best Cities for Job Growth:
1. Charleston, SC (7.5%)
2. Grand Rapids, MI (5.1%)
3. Jacksonville, FL (4.6%)
4. Las Vegas, NV (4.3%)
5. Richmond, VA (4.3%)
lowUnemploymentRate icon
Worst Cities for Job Growth:
1. Riverside, CA (-1.8%)
2. San Jose, CA (-1.5%)
3. Stockton, CA (-1.3%)
4. Bakersfield, CA (-1.3%)
5. San Francisco, CA (-1.2%)

In 2024, Charleston, South Carolina, had the highest job growth in the last 12 months, while the five worst cities for job growth were all in California.

Wage Growth Over the Last 12 Months


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Best Cities for Wage Growth:
1. Palm Bay, FL (6.3%)
2. Lakeland, FL (5.6%)
3. Cape Coral, FL (5.2%)
4. Deltona, FL (4.7%)
5. Ogden, UT (4.4%)
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Worst Cities for Wage Growth:
1. San Francisco, CA (-12.2%)
2. San Jose, CA (-8.4%)
3. New York, NY (-7.4%)
4. Bridgeport, CT (-6.8%)
5. Boston, MA (-3.9%)

When wages grow, a city is doing something right. Palm Bay, Florida’s 12-month wage growth tops MoneyGeek’s list with 6.3% wage growth. Meanwhile, San Francisco, California, experienced a 12.2% wage decline since 2022.

Unemployment Rate


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Cities With the Lowest Unemployment Rates:
1. Baltimore, MD (2.0%)
2. Birmingham, AL (2.3%)
3. Miami, FL (2.4%)
4. Charleston, SC (2.5%)
5. Madison, WI (2.5%)
unemployment icon
Cities With the Highest Unemployment Rates:
1. Bakersfield, CA (8.6%)
2. Fresno, CA (7.8%)
3. Stockton, CA (6.6%)
4. McAllen, TX (6.0%)
5. Las Vegas, NV (5.5%)

Naturally, it’s a good sign for a job seeker if you see a city with low unemployment; ultimately, it means your odds of being hired at a new job should be pretty good. Baltimore, Maryland, is MoneyGeek’s standout in this category, with just 2% unemployment.

Housing-to-Income Ratio


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Cities With the Best Housing-to-Income Ratios
1. Des Moines, IA (17.5%)
2. Indianapolis, IN (20.0%)
3. Virginia Beach, VA (20.7%)
4. Springfield, MA (21.6%)
5. Cleveland, OH (21.7%)
bigHouseRent icon
Cities With the Worst Housing-to-Income Ratios
1. Oxnard, CA (52.5%)
2. Urban Honolulu, HI (49.7%)
3. San Diego, CA (43.3%)
4. Riverside, CA (42.9%)
5. Los Angeles, CA (41.8%)

A city’s housing-to-income ratio roughly translates to its affordability; the less money you spend on rent and housing compared to your overall income, the more money you have for everything else. That’s why your money goes much further in Des Moines, Iowa, than in more expensive cities like Oxnard, California, or Honolulu, Hawaii. In Des Moines, monthly rent costs just under 18% of the average monthly income. After paying for housing in Oxnard or Honolulu, you’ll have to spend more than half of your income on housing and be left with the other half to cover all other expenses.

Financial Tips for Job Seekers

Relocating to a new city to find a job can be time-consuming and expensive, especially if this isn’t a cross-town journey and you’re moving out of state. If you’re going to move to a new city without having a job lined up, we recommend considering the following:

    wallet icon

    Ensure you have adequate savings.

    Start saving as much as possible to ensure you have a financial safety net in your new city. After all, you may move somewhere where jobs are plentiful, but the interview process could take longer than you imagine. A robust savings account also means you can be choosier about the jobs you pick, and you’ll have something to sustain you if your first job doesn’t last long.

    creditDenied icon

    Try not to rely too much on credit cards.

    Yes, credit cards are an indispensable cash flow tool and, if you have a credit card with rewards, an excellent way to make money. Use your credit cards well, and those cash back rewards could mean significant savings on your purchases. But if you move somewhere without a job and don’t find employment immediately, the credit card debt you’re accruing could eventually mean that much of your future paycheck will be devoted to paying off revolving debt.

    find icon

    Research your new city and make a plan.

    As in, figure out where you may live. Will you start off in a hotel or an apartment complex? Or somewhere in between? Have you used a cost of living calculator to crunch the numbers and see what it will cost you to live there, including possible mortgage prices? The more information you have, the better you’ll feel about your decision.

Expert Advice: Tips for Job Seekers Looking to Relocate

If you’re going to move to a new city because of its job prospects, it helps to know how cities create employment opportunities for their residents. We spoke to several experts to get their take on what cities are doing right with their job creation policies — and what job seekers can do to find livable cities.

  1. What are some of the most effective policies used to create jobs?
  2. Aside from jobs, what makes a place suitable for job seekers?
  3. What would you recommend to a job seeker trying to find a more livable city?
Brandon Bramley
Brandon BramleyFounder of The Salary Negotiator
Elizabeth Lyons
Elizabeth LyonsAssociate Professor of Management at UC San Diego’s School of Global Policy and Strategy (GPS)
Dr. Michael Provitera
Dr. Michael ProviteraProfessor of Organizational Behavior at Barry University
Thomas J. Norman, Ph.D.
Thomas J. Norman, Ph.D.Professor at California State University - Dominguez Hills
Paul Spector
Paul SpectorDistinguished Professor at University of South Florida
Daphne Pedersen, Ph.D.
Daphne Pedersen, Ph.D.Chester Fritz Distinguished Professor and Department Chair of Sociology at University of North Dakota
Cathy Lanzalaco
Cathy LanzalacoCEO at Inspire Careers
James Philip
James PhilipFounder at Employment BOOST
Rebecca Cook
Rebecca CookExecutive Director of Undergraduate Career Services at the Indiana University Kelley School of Business
Bradley Andrew
Bradley AndrewProfessor of Economics & Director of the International Studies Program at Juniata College
Shelley Meche'tte
Shelley Meche'tteCertified Life Purpose & Confidence Coach and Founder at The PowHERful Woman
Terry McDougall
Terry McDougallCEO/Executive & Career Coach at Terry B. McDougall Coaching
Jeff Altman
Jeff AltmanExecutive Coach at The Big Game Hunter
Robert Morlot
Robert MorlotManaging Partner at Clearwater Business Advisers LLC
Stan Kimer
Stan KimerPresident at Total Engagement Consulting by Kimer
Henry Tran, MPA, SHRM-CP, PHR, Ph.D.
Henry Tran, MPA, SHRM-CP, PHR, Ph.D.Associate Professor at the University of South Carolina’s Department of Educational Leadership and Policies
Darcy Eikenberg
Darcy EikenbergLeadership & Career Coach, Speaker & Author of "Red Cape Rescue: Save Your Career Without Leaving Your Job"
Mark Anthony Dyson
Mark Anthony DysonFounder of The Voice of Job Seekers
Melody Edwards
Melody EdwardsHuman Resources Consultant & Professor of Management and Human Resources
Mark Kurt
Mark KurtAssociate Professor of Economics & Director, International Business Dual Degree Program at Elon University
Amanda Hinojosa
Amanda HinojosaAssistant Professor of Management at Howard University
Gwen Appelbaum
Gwen AppelbaumAssistant Dean & Director, Career Resource Center, University at Buffalo School of Management
Vlad Dolgopolov, Ph.D.
Vlad Dolgopolov, Ph.D.Adjunct Lecturer of Finance, iMBA Program at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Dr. Carl J. Blencke
Dr. Carl J. BlenckeAdjunct Professor, College of Business at the University of Central Florida
Wendy Patrick
Wendy PatrickBusiness Ethics Lecturer at San Diego State University
Lindsay McCutchen
Lindsay McCutchenFounder & CEO of Career Start
Phil Dean
Phil DeanChief Economist & Public Finance Senior Research Fellow at the Kem C. Gardner Policy Institute at the David Eccles School of Business

Methodology

To rank the best cities for job seekers, MoneyGeek calculated three factors using earnings data and employment statistics from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics and median rent rates reported by the Department of Housing and Urban Development to estimate how good a city is for someone seeking jobs. We analyzed data for 94 areas with labor forces of at least 300,000 in order to find cities with the best opportunities for job seekers across the U.S.

The first factor we calculated is overall growth, which incorporates the trends in jobs created and trends in wages.

The next consideration is job competition, which includes the unemployment rate and the overall size of the employment numbers, reflecting greater absolute availability of jobs.

The final factor is housing affordability, which captures the ratio of wages over rents to indicate an area's cost of living.

Additionally, MoneyGeek used 2022 U.S. Census Bureau data to analyze which cities had a higher-than-average population of young adult (18 to 24) residents for job-seeking new college graduates.

MoneyGeek used the following metrics in our analysis:

  • Employment Growth Over One Year (22% weight): This metric assesses the increase in employment from December 2022 to December 2023.
  • Employment Growth Over Three Years (22% weight): This compares employment figures from December 2020 to December 2023.
  • Growth in Hourly Wages Over One Year (22% weight): This evaluates the rise in average hourly earnings from 2022 to 2023.
  • Unemployment Rate (11% weight): Data is for 2023.
  • Labor Force Size (11% weight): The total civilian labor force in each city in 2023.
  • Ratio of Monthly Wages to Monthly Rents (11% weight): Calculated from 2023 data, this ratio measures the affordability of living based on monthly earnings versus rent expenses, with a higher ratio indicating more favorable conditions for workers.

For the purposes of this analysis, only metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) with a labor force of at least 300,000 were considered in the ranking.

If you have any questions about MoneyGeek's findings or methodology, please reach out via email to press@moneygeek.com.

Full Dataset

The data points presented are defined as follows:

  • Rank: The city's rank in our overall analysis determined by its Total Score, with a lower rank indicating a higher Total Score.
  • Total Score: The city’s overall score — with a higher score indicating more favorable conditions for job seekers.

Other metrics and weights used in our calculations are specified in the Methodology section above.

Rank
City
Total Score
Employment Growth Over 1 Year
Employment Growth Over 3 Years
Growth in Hourly Wages Over 1 Year
Unemploy- ment Rate
Labor Force Size
Ratio of Monthly Wages to Monthly Rents

1

Oklahoma City, OK

100.0

3.8%

9.6%

1.5%

3.2%

749,348

4.1

2

Cape Coral, FL

98.3

3.7%

16.0%

3.3%

3.1%

394,383

2.8

3

Jacksonville, FL

97.6

4.6%

14.2%

0.5%

3.0%

882,623

3.4

4

Orlando, FL

97.3

2.9%

19.3%

1.5%

3.1%

1,488,053

2.7

5

Tampa, FL

91.5

3.3%

13.9%

1.0%

3.1%

1,729,604

2.7

About Geoff Williams


Geoff Williams headshot

Geoff Williams has been a personal finance journalist since around the time of the Great Recession of 2008. He's been writing professionally since the 1990s about a variety of topics, including personal finance, credit cards and loans.

Williams is also the author of several books, including "Washed Away: How the Great Flood of 1913, America's Most Widespread Natural Disaster, Terrorized a Nation and Changed It Forever" and "C.C. Pyle's Amazing Foot Race: The True Story of the 1928 Coast-to-Coast Run Across America."

Born in Columbus, Williams now lives in Loveland, Ohio, with his two teenage daughters.


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