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MoneyGeek Analysis:

Deadliest Cities for Pedestrians

Last Updated: 8/5/2022
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In 2022, U.S. pedestrian fatalities are projected to reach their highest level in 40 years, according to the Governors Highway Safety Association. Last year, drivers struck and killed an estimated 7,485 people, which amounts to an average of 20 deaths daily.

Cities aren’t created equal when it comes to pedestrian safety. MoneyGeek analyzed traffic fatality data collected from 2017 through 2020 for 305 cities across the country to find the most dangerous cities for pedestrians. Here’s what we found.

Key Findings:
  • Vehicle-related pedestrian deaths increased 7% from 2017 to 2020, with 6,540 pedestrian fatalities in 2020.
  • Fort Lauderdale is the deadliest city for pedestrians, experiencing an average of 7.7 vehicle-related pedestrian deaths per 100,000 residents yearly. There, approximately 39% of all car accident fatalities are pedestrian fatalities.
  • Irvine, California, is the safest city for pedestrians among large cities, averaging 0.4 pedestrian deaths annually per 100,000 residents.
  • Pedestrian fatalities account for 32% of all crash fatalities in large cities. For cities with populations of 100,000 or higher, pedestrian deaths made up 17% of total crash fatalities.
  • San Francisco, California, and Jersey City, New Jersey, have the most pedestrian fatalities of any large cities, with pedestrian deaths making up 50% of all traffic fatalities.
  • 8 of the 20 deadliest cities for pedestrians are located in Florida and California.

Most Dangerous Cities for Pedestrians in 2022

Alt Text

MoneyGeek analyzed the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration’s Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) data from 2017 through 2020 for 305 cities to determine the most dangerous cities for pedestrians in the U.S.,

We included two major rankings: cities with the highest overall pedestrian death rates per 100,000 residents and large cities with the highest proportion of pedestrian fatalities compared to all traffic-related fatalities.

Cities With the Highest Vehicle-Related Pedestrian Death Rates Overall

Some cities, like Memphis, Tennessee, had more vehicle-related pedestrian fatalities in four years of data (164 deaths) than Fort Lauderdale, Florida (56 deaths), which ranks as the most dangerous city for pedestrians. Why is that?

In this study, MoneyGeek broke down the average annual pedestrian fatalities per 100,000 residents. Memphis' population in 2020 was 650,910. Fort Lauderdale's is only 181,818. You’d expect more deaths in a city like Memphis than in Fort Lauderdale, which is the case. Still, Fort Lauderdale is statistically a more dangerous city for pedestrians.

Memphis ranked No. 4 on MoneyGeek's most dangerous cities for pedestrians list. In between Fort Lauderdale and Memphis are Little Rock, Arkansas, at No. 2 and Jackson, Mississippi at No.3. In fifth place is West Palm Beach, with 30 deaths from 2017 to 2020 — this is significant, given its relatively small population of 111,006.

Top 20 Cities for Vehicle-Related Pedestrian Deaths

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  • City, State
    Average Annual Pedestrian Fatalities per 100,000 Residents
  • 1.
    Fort Lauderdale, Florida
    7.7
  • 2.
    Little Rock, Arkansas
    6.7
  • 3.
    Jackson, Mississippi
    6.7
  • 4.
    Memphis, Tennessee
    6.5
  • 5.
    West Palm Beach, Florida
    6.4
  • 6.
    Victorville, California
    6.3
  • 7.
    Albuquerque, New Mexico
    6.0
  • 8.
    San Bernardino, California
    6.0
  • 9.
    North Charleston, South Carolina
    5.7
  • 10.
    Tucson, Arizona
    5.7

Large Cities With the Highest Percentage of Pedestrian Fatalities

While large cities seem to be better than their smaller counterparts at keeping pedestrians safe — evidenced by their modest representation in our pedestrian fatality rate ranking above — they can still be dangerous places for pedestrians. MoneyGeek looked at 81 cities — all with populations over 250,000 — and examined pedestrian fatalities as a percentage of all other traffic-related fatalities.

We found that San Francisco, California, and Jersey City, New Jersey, had the highest percentages of pedestrian deaths. In each city, half of all crash fatalities involve pedestrian deaths. New York City comes up high on the list in third place. Of all traffic fatalities there, 49.8% involve pedestrians. Rounding out the top five are Seattle (45.5%) and Los Angeles (44.4%).

Top 15 Large Cities for Pedestrian Fatalities as % of All Crash Deaths

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  • City
    Pedestrian Fatalities as % of Total Traffic Fatalities
  • 1.
    San Francisco, California
    50.0%
  • 2.
    Jersey City, New Jersey
    50.0%
  • 3.
    New York, New York
    49.8%
  • 4.
    Seattle, Washington
    45.5%
  • 5.
    Los Angeles, California
    44.4%
  • 6.
    Chula Vista, California
    43.8%
  • 7.
    Boston, Massachusetts
    42.3%
  • 8.
    Newark, New Jersey
    42.2%
  • 9.
    Santa Ana, California
    41.3%
  • 10.
    Fresno, California
    41.1%

Staying Safe as a Pedestrian

Pedestrians can take some relatively simple, practical steps to stay safe on sidewalks and roadways. MoneyGeek outlined a few of the most impactful potential steps below.

tip icon
TIPS FOR STAYING SAFE WHEN WALKING
  • Look both ways before you cross the street. It’s an oldie, but goodie, and something parents would do best to instill as a key traffic safety rule for children. With so many of us walking around with earbuds in, phones in hand or otherwise not paying attention to our surroundings, it can be easy not to notice a car coming.
  • Wear bright, reflective clothing when walking around a city — or any road — at night. Visibility is poor for drivers at night; in some cases, they may not see you walking if you’re wearing dark clothing. Wearing a reflective vest or jacket while walking at night can make you significantly more visible to motorists.
  • Obey traffic laws. That is, don’t jaywalk and always cross at the crosswalk.
  • Don’t assume a driver sees you walking because they may not. Being cautious could save your life.

While there are some steps pedestrians can take to protect themselves, it’s crucial that drivers also take responsibility for keeping pedestrians safe.

When you’re driving, always keep your eyes on the road. According to the United States Department of Transportation, distracted driving claimed 3,142 lives in 2020. It’s imperative that people don’t find themselves becoming distracted drivers by texting, fiddling with their stereo or struggling with their navigation system while behind the wheel.

Expert Insights: What Cities Can Do to Protect Pedestrians

MoneyGeek consulted public policy and traffic safety experts to get their thoughts on what cities can do to make their streets safer for pedestrians.

  1. Pedestrian fatalities have been on the rise for several years now. Do you have any theories as to why that is?
  2. What would you like to see cities do to keep pedestrians safer?
John Rennie Short
John Rennie Short

Professor of Public Policy at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC)

Dan Biederman
Dan Biederman

President of the 34th Street Partnership

Cody Nehiba
Cody Nehiba

Assistant Professor of Research, Center for Energy Studies at Louisiana State University

Methodology

To rank the most dangerous cities for pedestrians, MoneyGeek analyzed the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration’s Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) data from 2017 through 2020 and created an annual average for pedestrian fatalities resulting from vehicles. Using this metric, we calculated each city's pedestrian fatalities per 100,000 residents.

We also analyzed the total number of vehicle-related fatalities to calculate a percentage of pedestrian fatalities to see how many pedestrian deaths constitute total vehicle-related fatalities.

This analysis only analyzes pedestrian fatalities among cities with a population of 100,000 or more. For our analysis across large cities, we included cities with populations of 250,000 residents or more.

Full Data Set

The data points presented are defined as follows:

  • Average Annual Pedestrian Fatalities per 100,000 Residents: Average number of pedestrians killed in fatal crashes from 2017-2020, calculated across the population of each city per 100,000 residents.
  • Average Annual Pedestrian Fatalities: Average number of pedestrians killed in fatal crashes from 2017-2020.
  • Pedestrian Fatalities as % of Total Traffic Fatalities: The percentage of pedestrians killed among all persons killed in deadly crashes, calculated by dividing the average number of pedestrian fatalities by the average number of all vehicle-related fatalities.
  • Total Pedestrian Fatalities Since 2017: Total number of pedestrians killed in deadly crashes since 2017.
Rank
City
Average Annual Pedestrian Fatalities per 100,000 Residents
Average Annual Pedestrian Fatalities
Pedestrian Fatalities as % of Total Traffic Fatalities
Total Pedestrian Fatalities Since 2017

1

Fort Lauderdale, Florida

7.71

14

38.9%

56

2

Little Rock, Arkansas

6.68

14

37.5%

54

3

Jackson, Mississippi

6.68

10

27.4%

40

4

Memphis, Tennessee

6.53

41

28.9%

164

5

West Palm Beach, Florida

6.39

8

34.9%

30

6

Victorville, California

6.25

9

36.2%

34

7

Albuquerque, New Mexico

6.00

34

36.0%

135

8

San Bernardino, California

5.96

13

32.9%

53

9

North Charleston, South Carolina

5.75

7

35.1%

27

10

Tucson, Arizona

5.71

31

32.9%

124

11

Baton Rouge, Louisiana

5.63

13

24.5%

50

12

Pompano Beach, Florida

5.61

6

27.2%

25

13

Phoenix, Arizona

5.51

90

39.1%

358

14

Beaumont, Texas

5.33

6

28.6%

24

15

Charleston, South Carolina

5.28

8

29.6%

32

16

Detroit, Michigan

5.22

33

25.6%

132

17

El Cajon, California

4.98

5

44.7%

21

18

Tampa, Florida

4.97

19

33.9%

77

19

Birmingham, Alabama

4.81

10

22.6%

38

20

Pomona, California

4.72

7

43.1%

28

21

Glendale, Arizona

4.71

12

35.6%

47

22

Miami, Florida

4.60

20

36.2%

81

23

Dallas, Texas

4.52

58

29.2%

233

24

Gainesville, Florida

4.45

6

41.0%

25

25

Atlanta, Georgia

4.43

22

31.1%

88

26

Shreveport, Louisiana

4.35

8

28.6%

32

27

Everett, Washington

4.29

5

47.5%

19

28

Miami Gardens, Florida

4.28

5

24.7%

19

29

Odessa, Texas

4.22

5

20.4%

19

30

Orlando, Florida

4.21

13

34.0%

52

31

Hialeah, Florida

4.20

9

31.9%

37

32

Jacksonville, Florida

4.16

40

26.2%

159

33

New Haven, Connecticut

4.07

6

32.8%

22

34

Stockton, California

4.04

13

38.5%

52

35

Waterbury, Connecticut

3.95

5

32.1%

18

36

Hartford, Connecticut

3.94

5

27.9%

19

37

Fresno, California

3.90

21

41.1%

85

38

Richmond, California

3.89

5

50.0%

18

39

Sacramento, California

3.71

20

36.4%

78

40

Columbia, South Carolina

3.64

5

32.8%

20

41

Knoxville, Tennessee

3.63

7

19.6%

28

42

Rialto, California

3.59

4

31.3%

15

43

San Antonio, Texas

3.58

52

34.6%

208

44

Savannah, Georgia

3.57

5

30.9%

21

45

Fontana, California

3.56

8

41.1%

30

46

Montgomery, Alabama

3.52

7

31.8%

28

47

Newark, New Jersey

3.50

11

42.2%

43

48

Bakersfield, California

3.50

14

33.7%

57

49

Hesperia, California

3.47

4

23.3%

14

50

Corpus Christi, Texas

3.46

11

33.1%

44

51

Syracuse, New York

3.42

5

43.5%

20

52

Tulsa, Oklahoma

3.40

14

28.7%

56

53

New Orleans, Louisiana

3.38

13

28.2%

51

54

Lancaster, California

3.38

6

24.5%

23

55

Fayetteville, North Carolina

3.35

7

27.2%

28

56

Lakewood, Colorado

3.35

5

33.9%

21

57

Pueblo, Colorado

3.34

4

26.3%

15

58

Davie, Florida

3.34

4

20.3%

14

59

Las Cruces, New Mexico

3.32

4

36.6%

15

60

Modesto, California

3.31

7

39.2%

29

61

El Paso, Texas

3.28

22

35.2%

89

62

Dayton, Ohio

3.27

5

23.4%

18

63

Los Angeles, California

3.25

125

44.4%

501

64

Lakeland, Florida

3.25

4

24.2%

15

65

Kansas City, Missouri

3.25

17

18.5%

66

66

Fort Worth, Texas

3.23

30

28.9%

121

67

Rockford, Illinois

3.22

5

37.3%

19

68

Houston, Texas

3.21

74

30.3%

294

69

Vallejo, California

3.20

4

41.0%

16

70

Austin, Texas

3.14

30

35.9%

121

71

Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

3.13

22

25.8%

86

72

Greensboro, North Carolina

3.10

9

26.8%

37

73

Richmond, Virginia

3.09

7

35.4%

28

74

Charlotte, North Carolina

3.07

27

29.0%

108

75

Tallahassee, Florida

3.04

6

35.3%

24

76

Columbus, Georgia

3.04

6

32.1%

25

77

West Covina, California

3.04

3

43.3%

13

78

Quincy, Massachusetts

2.97

3

44.4%

12

79

Ontario, California

2.95

5

30.4%

21

80

Fairfield, California

2.92

4

34.1%

14

81

Mobile, Alabama

2.84

5

16.9%

21

82

Visalia, California

2.80

4

39.0%

16

83

Huntington Beach, California

2.80

6

40.0%

22

84

Hollywood, Florida

2.79

4

21.8%

17

85

Elizabeth, New Jersey

2.77

4

55.6%

15

86

Huntsville, Alabama

2.77

6

26.7%

24

87

Long Beach, California

2.74

13

38.5%

50

88

Amarillo, Texas

2.73

6

22.7%

22

89

Portland, Oregon

2.73

18

37.0%

70

90

Tempe, Arizona

2.72

5

25.6%

20

91

Palmdale, California

2.71

5

20.5%

18

92

San Diego, California

2.71

38

40.9%

150

93

Reno, Nevada

2.70

7

36.7%

29

94

Bridgeport, Connecticut

2.70

4

40.0%

16

95

West Valley City, Utah

2.70

4

28.8%

15

96

Waco, Texas

2.69

4

26.3%

15

97

Santa Ana, California

2.67

8

41.3%

33

98

Springfield, Missouri

2.65

5

22.2%

18

99

Milwaukee, Wisconsin

2.63

15

22.0%

60

100

Westminster, Colorado

2.62

3

35.3%

12

101

Salinas, California

2.61

4

58.6%

17

102

Brockton, Massachusetts

2.61

3

31.4%

11

103

Menifee, California

2.58

3

39.3%

11

104

Cleveland, Ohio

2.58

10

17.6%

38

105

Columbia, Missouri

2.56

3

36.1%

13

106

Killeen, Texas

2.56

4

30.2%

16

107

Denton, Texas

2.53

4

23.8%

15

108

Baltimore, Maryland

2.52

15

35.2%

58

109

Las Vegas, Nevada

2.51

16

38.5%

65

110

Garden Grove, California

2.49

4

36.2%

17

111

Lubbock, Texas

2.49

7

22.0%

26

112

Moreno Valley, California

2.48

5

38.9%

21

113

Lafayette, Louisiana

2.46

3

23.1%

12

114

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

2.46

39

34.3%

155

115

Lewisville, Texas

2.43

3

34.4%

11

116

Gresham, Oregon

2.43

3

33.3%

11

117

Kent, Washington

2.41

3

31.0%

13

118

Brownsville, Texas

2.40

5

39.1%

18

119

Rochester, New York

2.37

5

31.7%

20

120

Salt Lake City, Utah

2.37

5

25.7%

19

121

Riverside, California

2.36

8

23.4%

30

122

Mesa, Arizona

2.36

12

27.6%

48

123

Warren, Michigan

2.35

3

39.4%

13

124

Vancouver, Washington

2.34

5

36.7%

18

125

Wilmington, North Carolina

2.34

3

27.5%

11

126

Chattanooga, Tennessee

2.33

4

13.9%

17

127

Escondido, California

2.32

4

29.8%

14

128

Spokane, Washington

2.29

5

42.9%

21

129

Fullerton, California

2.29

3

31.0%

13

130

San Jose, California

2.29

23

35.9%

90

131

Grand Rapids, Michigan

2.28

5

30.5%

18

132

Torrance, California

2.26

3

33.3%

13

133

Oakland, California

2.25

10

33.9%

39

134

Anaheim, California

2.24

8

30.1%

31

135

Tuscaloosa, Alabama

2.24

2

23.1%

9

136

Concord, California

2.22

3

33.3%

11

137

Denver, Colorado

2.21

16

28.5%

63

138

Hayward, California

2.19

4

35.9%

14

139

Orange, California

2.19

3

33.3%

12

140

Cincinnati, Ohio

2.18

7

23.5%

27

141

Aurora, Colorado

2.18

9

27.2%

34

142

Toledo, Ohio

2.14

6

21.1%

23

143

Raleigh, North Carolina

2.13

10

37.4%

40

144

Norfolk, Virginia

2.13

5

23.8%

20

145

Hillsboro, Oregon

2.11

2

40.9%

9

146

Durham, North Carolina

2.10

6

26.1%

24

147

Midland, Texas

2.09

3

17.5%

11

148

Garland, Texas

2.07

5

29.0%

20

149

Paterson, New Jersey

2.06

3

40.6%

13

150

Costa Mesa, California

2.03

2

25.0%

9

151

Mesquite, Texas

2.03

3

22.6%

12

152

Pasadena, California

2.03

3

37.9%

11

153

Abilene, Texas

2.00

3

21.3%

10

154

Lansing, Michigan

2.00

2

22.5%

9

155

Columbus, Ohio

1.96

18

25.4%

71

156

Springfield, Massachusetts

1.94

3

18.8%

12

157

Clearwater, Florida

1.93

2

22.5%

9

158

Clarksville, Tennessee

1.90

3

19.7%

13

159

Newport News, Virginia

1.90

4

19.4%

14

160

Chula Vista, California

1.89

5

43.8%

21

161

Oceanside, California

1.88

3

27.1%

13

162

San Francisco, California

1.87

15

50.0%

61

163

Tyler, Texas

1.87

2

20.5%

8

164

Scottsdale, Arizona

1.85

5

19.4%

18

165

Jersey City, New Jersey

1.85

5

50.0%

21

166

Akron, Ohio

1.85

4

17.3%

14

167

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

1.83

6

28.9%

22

168

Palm Bay, Florida

1.83

2

22.5%

9

169

Tacoma, Washington

1.82

4

25.8%

16

170

Sunnyvale, California

1.81

3

44.0%

11

171

Chicago, Illinois

1.80

49

31.6%

194

172

Peoria, Illinois

1.79

2

22.9%

8

173

Arlington, Texas

1.78

7

24.3%

28

174

Davenport, Iowa

1.73

2

20.6%

7

175

Buckeye, Arizona

1.73

2

18.9%

7

176

Evansville, Indiana

1.72

2

13.1%

8

177

San Mateo, California

1.71

2

63.6%

7

178

Worcester, Massachusetts

1.70

4

40.0%

14

179

Santa Rosa, California

1.70

3

32.4%

12

180

South Bend, Indiana

1.69

2

12.7%

7

181

Salem, Oregon

1.69

3

23.1%

12

182

Pasadena, Texas

1.68

3

30.3%

10

183

Miramar, Florida

1.67

2

25.0%

9

184

Inglewood, California

1.66

2

20.6%

7

185

Nampa, Idaho

1.65

2

35.0%

7

186

Grand Prairie, Texas

1.65

3

23.2%

13

187

Independence, Missouri

1.64

2

15.4%

8

188

Sandy Springs, Georgia

1.63

2

20.0%

7

189

Kansas City, Kansas

1.62

3

10.8%

10

190

Alexandria, Virginia

1.62

3

55.6%

10

191

Sparks, Nevada

1.59

2

31.8%

7

192

Downey, California

1.57

2

26.9%

7

193

Norman, Oklahoma

1.56

2

20.0%

8

194

Murrieta, California

1.55

2

25.9%

7

195

Fremont, California

1.54

4

34.1%

14

196

Seattle, Washington

1.53

11

45.5%

45

197

Des Moines, Iowa

1.53

3

21.0%

13

198

Wichita, Kansas

1.52

6

14.6%

24

199

Norwalk, California

1.49

2

28.6%

6

200

Berkeley, California

1.49

2

43.8%

7

201

Omaha, Nebraska

1.49

7

19.6%

29

202

Oxnard, California

1.49

3

52.2%

12

203

Daly City, California

1.48

2

60.0%

6

204

Pembroke Pines, Florida

1.48

3

23.3%

10

205

Chico, California

1.47

2

27.3%

6

206

Rancho Cucamonga, California

1.43

3

23.3%

10

207

Thornton, Colorado

1.40

2

22.2%

8

208

Concord, North Carolina

1.39

2

26.1%

6

209

Mcallen, Texas

1.39

2

27.6%

8

210

Santa Clara, California

1.38

2

26.9%

7

211

North Las Vegas, Nevada

1.37

4

31.3%

15

212

Buffalo, New York

1.35

4

27.3%

15

213

Joliet, Illinois

1.33

2

29.6%

8

214

Fort Wayne, Indiana

1.32

4

12.7%

14

215

Lowell, Massachusetts

1.32

2

46.2%

6

216

Carrollton, Texas

1.31

2

20.0%

7

217

Chesapeake, Virginia

1.29

3

19.4%

13

218

Irving, Texas

1.28

3

21.7%

13

219

Billings, Montana

1.28

2

20.7%

6

220

Laredo, Texas

1.27

3

18.1%

13

221

Boston, Massachusetts

1.26

8

42.3%

33

222

Aurora, Illinois

1.26

2

27.3%

9

223

Corona, California

1.25

2

18.6%

8

224

Edinburg, Texas

1.22

1

22.7%

5

225

Round Rock, Texas

1.21

2

27.3%

6

226

Topeka, Kansas

1.19

2

12.8%

6

227

Simi Valley, California

1.19

2

33.3%

6

228

Providence, Rhode Island

1.19

2

25.0%

9

229

Burbank, California

1.19

1

31.3%

5

230

Spokane Valley, Washington

1.18

1

18.5%

5

231

Surprise, Arizona

1.17

2

26.9%

7

232

Greeley, Colorado

1.14

1

12.8%

5

233

Murfreesboro, Tennessee

1.11

2

17.9%

7

234

Stamford, Connecticut

1.10

2

27.3%

6

235

Elgin, Illinois

1.10

1

20.0%

5

236

Antioch, California

1.09

1

17.2%

5

237

League City, Texas

1.08

1

15.2%

5

238

Rochester, Minnesota

1.03

1

35.7%

5

239

Peoria, Arizona

1.03

2

17.4%

8

240

Arvada, Colorado

1.01

1

26.3%

5

241

Henderson, Nevada

1.01

3

34.2%

13

242

Naperville, Illinois

1.01

2

37.5%

6

243

Eugene, Oregon

1.00

2

33.3%

7

244

Longmont, Colorado

0.99

1

13.3%

4

245

Cape Coral, Florida

0.98

2

14.5%

8

246

Wichita Falls, Texas

0.97

1

12.9%

4

247

Vacaville, California

0.97

1

17.4%

4

248

Yonkers, New York

0.95

2

34.8%

8

249

Minneapolis, Minnesota

0.94

4

25.8%

16

250

Sterling Heights, Michigan

0.94

1

25.0%

5

251

New York, New York

0.94

79

49.8%

317

252

El Monte, California

0.94

1

33.3%

4

253

Green Bay, Wisconsin

0.93

1

21.1%

4

254

Madison, Wisconsin

0.93

3

27.0%

10

255

Dearborn, Michigan

0.92

1

16.7%

4

256

Glendale, California

0.91

2

43.8%

7

257

Temecula, California

0.90

1

16.0%

4

258

Chandler, Arizona

0.89

3

14.9%

10

259

Sioux Falls, South Dakota

0.89

2

20.6%

7

260

Fort Collins, Colorado

0.89

2

13.6%

6

261

Colorado Springs, Colorado

0.88

4

18.9%

17

262

Provo, Utah

0.88

1

16.0%

4

263

Virginia Beach, Virginia

0.87

4

14.5%

16

264

Bellevue, Washington

0.84

1

45.5%

5

265

Thousand Oaks, California

0.80

1

18.2%

4

266

Meridian, Idaho

0.79

1

25.0%

4

267

Overland Park, Kansas

0.76

2

22.2%

6

268

Lynn, Massachusetts

0.74

1

33.3%

3

269

New Bedford, Massachusetts

0.74

1

18.8%

3

270

Goodyear, Arizona

0.74

1

11.1%

3

271

Bend, Oregon

0.73

1

21.4%

3

272

Cedar Rapids, Iowa

0.73

1

12.9%

4

273

Hampton, Virginia

0.73

1

7.7%

4

274

Washington, District of Columbia

0.71

5

32.2%

19

275

Centennial, Colorado

0.70

1

27.3%

3

276

College Station, Texas

0.62

1

20.0%

3

277

Ann Arbor, Michigan

0.62

1

18.8%

3

278

Mckinney, Texas

0.62

1

17.9%

5

279

Plano, Texas

0.61

2

12.1%

7

280

Lincoln, Nebraska

0.60

2

14.6%

7

281

Cary, North Carolina

0.57

1

36.4%

4

282

Coral Springs, Florida

0.56

1

12.5%

3

283

Elk Grove, California

0.56

1

19.0%

4

284

Olathe, Kansas

0.52

1

16.7%

3

285

Roseville, California

0.49

1

14.3%

3

286

Boulder, Colorado

0.48

1

25.0%

2

287

Allen, Texas

0.47

1

12.5%

2

288

Gilbert, Arizona

0.46

1

17.2%

5

289

Springfield, Illinois

0.44

1

5.4%

2

290

Manchester, New Hampshire

0.43

1

8.3%

2

291

Richardson, Texas

0.43

1

8.3%

2

292

West Jordan, Utah

0.43

1

15.4%

2

293

Cambridge, Massachusetts

0.43

1

50.0%

2

294

Irvine, California

0.40

1

15.2%

5

295

Santa Clarita, California

0.33

1

8.8%

3

296

Carmel, Indiana

0.25

0

8.3%

1

297

Fishers, Indiana

0.25

0

7.7%

1

298

Renton, Washington

0.24

0

6.7%

1

299

Sugar Land, Texas

0.23

0

8.3%

1

300

Santa Maria, California

0.23

0

5.9%

1

301

High Point, North Carolina

0.22

0

3.4%

1

302

Carlsbad, California

0.22

0

4.8%

1

303

Clovis, California

0.20

0

10.0%

1

304

Pearland, Texas

0.20

0

7.7%

1

305

Fargo, North Dakota

0.20

0

5.6%

1

About the Author


expert-profile

Geoff Williams has been a personal finance journalist since around the time of the Great Recession of 2008. He's been writing professionally since the 1990s about a variety of topics, including personal finance, credit cards and loans.

Williams is also the author of several books, including "Washed Away: How the Great Flood of 1913, America's Most Widespread Natural Disaster, Terrorized a Nation and Changed It Forever" and "C.C. Pyle's Amazing Foot Race: The True Story of the 1928 Coast-to-Coast Run Across America."

Born in Columbus, Williams now lives in Loveland, Ohio, with his two teenage daughters.


sources