This Connecticut Metro Area Has the Longest Life Expectancy, Edging Out the Bay Area for No. 1 in the US
Life expectancy at birth in the United States has experienced a significant decline in recent years, dropping from 77 to 76.1 from 2020 to 2021, the lowest level since 1996. The average human lifespan varies depending on many factors, including income level, race and even — where you live.
To explore how location affects the average age of death, MoneyGeek looked at the average life expectancy for 118 major metropolitan areas with 250,000 residents or more using data from County Health Rankings and ranked them in order of longest to shortest life expectancy.
- Residents in the Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk metro area in Connecticut have the longest life expectancy in the U.S. at 83 years.
- Six of the 10 metro areas with the longest life expectancy are in California and Florida.
- Three of the 5 metro areas with the lowest life expectancy are in Alabama.
- Jackson, Mississippi, and Mobile, Alabama metros have the lowest life expectancy among the 118 metro areas we analyzed.
The 20 Metros With the Longest Average Life Expectancy
At the top of our list of metros with the longest life expectancies is the Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk metro area in Connecticut, where the current life expectancy at birth is 83 years. Three metro areas in Florida, including Miami, and three metros in California made it to the top ten. The New York metro area took the fourth spot with an average life expectancy of 82.6 years, while Honolulu, Hawaii, was close behind in the fifth spot with an expectancy of 82.5 years.
Metro Areas With the Longest Average Life Expectancy
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- Metropolitan Statistical AreaLife Expectancy
- 1.Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT83.0
- 2.San Francisco-Oakland-Berkeley, CA82.9
- 3.Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA82.8
- 4.New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA82.6
- 5.Urban Honolulu, HI82.5
The 20 Metros With the Shortest Average Life Expectancy
MoneyGeek’s study showed that the average human lifespan for people living in some cities in the southeastern United States is five to ten years less than those in the top ten metro areas.
In fact, all ten metros with the shortest life expectancies were in the Southeast. Jackson, Mississippi, and Mobile, Alabama, tied for the worst metros overall, with the average age of death at 74.4. Looking at the lowest 20 metro areas more generally, the South occupied nineteen of the lowest 20 spots, with only Scranton-Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania (76.1) representing another part of the country.
Metro Areas With the Shortest Average Life Expectancy
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- Metropolitan Statistical AreaLife Expectancy
- 1.Jackson, MS74.4
- 2.Mobile, AL74.4
- 3.Birmingham-Hoover, AL74.6
- 4.Montgomery, AL74.7
- 5.Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX75.2
Factors That Impact Life Expectancy in the US
So, why did overall life expectancy at birth decline, and why are the rates so much lower in certain parts of the country than others? In addition to the 0.9-year drop in 2021, research from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) shows that nationally, American life expectancy went down by 1.8 years in 2020. The last time such an extreme two-year decline was recorded? 1921 to 1923.
Breaking down these statistics even further, women’s life expectancy from 2020 to 2021 fell from 79.9 to 79.1 years, while men’s dropped from 74.2 to 73.2 years. Racial disparities tell an even more dire story, as non-Hispanic American Indian and Alaskan Native individuals saw a 1.9-year drop in life expectancy to 65.2 years, while life expectancy for non-Hispanic Black people fell from 71.5 years in 2020 to 70.8 in 2021.
The overall cause of these dramatic declines, according to the CDC, is a large number of deaths due to the COVID-19 pandemic. An increase in accidental deaths, including drug overdoses, also contributed to the reduction in life expectancy.
The much lower average lifespan among many ethnic groups, as well as the lower life expectancy rates MoneyGeek found for metro areas in the southern United States, can partly be explained by social determinants of health. People born into poverty have fewer financial resources, are more likely to experience food insecurity and often lack access to decent health care.
Overall, the United States ranks well below other wealthy countries in terms of average life expectancy. This is due not only to America’s higher death rates from COVID-19 and lower vaccination rates but also to the lack of universal health care. The number of Americans without health insurance represents around 12% of the general population, and without health insurance, one trip to the hospital for an emergency could bankrupt you.
What You Can Do to Protect Your Family's Financial Future and Live a Longer, Healthier Life
Especially for those who live in parts of the country with lower life expectancies, preventive care and eating healthy despite rising food costs are essential in living a long and productive life. Making sure to have full health insurance coverage is also important. The average cost of health insurance in 2023 for a 40-year-old individual is about $477. However, you may be eligible for subsidies, depending on your income or employer-sponsored programs, depending on your employer.
Finding low-cost health insurance may seem complex, but for those not eligible for Medicaid or Medicare, your state’s Health Insurance Marketplace likely offers the most affordable options. Beyond that, seeking out quality life insurance to support your family if something happens to you is also a good idea, and the best life insurance companies offer solid coverage at affordable prices. The best life insurance policies for seniors will help cover end-of-life expenses and ensure that the deceased's assets get passed onto survivors and are not lost to outstanding debts or other outstanding payments.
MoneyGeek spoke with leading academics whose work focuses on life expectancy and the social determinants of health. These experts gave us more insight into why some parts of the country have a longer life expectancy than others.
- In our survey, metro areas in southern states ranked the lowest for life expectancy. What are some reasons why life expectancy is so low in southern states?
- By contrast, the cities with the highest life expectancy were mostly in the Northeast, California and Florida. For these types of metro areas, what are some qualities we find in people’s environments that help improve life expectancy?
- What role do income and race play in lower life expectancies?
- Why does the U.S. lag behind other wealthy countries in terms of average life expectancy? What could we learn from other countries about how to improve this statistic?
Associate Professor of Anthropology and Director of Global Health Program, Rollins College
Assistant Professor of Healthcare Administration, Texas Woman's University
Chief Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases & Associate Professor Department of Pediatrics, Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, State University of New York
MoneyGeek analyzed 2021 data from County Health Rankings and calculated the average life expectancy for major metropolitan areas with 250,000 residents or more. Using this information, we ranked these metros in order of longest to shortest life expectancy.
If you have any questions about our findings or methodology, please reach out to Melody Kasulis via email at email@example.com.
Full Data Set
The data points presented are defined as follows:
- Rank: Rankings determined by average life expectancy at birth, by metro area
- MSA: Metropolitan Statistical Area
- Average Life Expectancy: Average life expectancy at birth in the associated MSA
Average Life Expectancy
San Francisco-Oakland-Berkeley, CA
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA
New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA
Urban Honolulu, HI
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL
Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL
San Diego-Chula Vista-Carlsbad, CA
North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton, FL
District of Columbia
Austin-Round Rock-Georgetown, TX
Minneapolis-St Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI
Green Bay, WI
Durham-Chapel Hill, NC
Hartford-East Hartford-Middletown, CT
Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA
El Paso, TX
New Haven-Milford, CT
Portland-South Portland, ME
Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA
Grand Rapids-Kentwood, MI
Salt Lake City, UT
Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL
San Antonio-New Braunfels, TX
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX
Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL
Colorado Springs, CO
Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
Charleston-North Charleston, SC
Boise City, ID
Fort Wayne, IN
Baton Rouge, LA
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Alpharetta, GA
Kansas City, MO-KS
St Louis, MO-IL
Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN
Oklahoma City, OK
New Orleans-Metairie, LA
Corpus Christi, TX
South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI
Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL
Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV
Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL
Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC
Shreveport-Bossier City, LA
Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR
Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX
About the Author
- Centers for Disease Control. "Life Expectancy in the U.S. Dropped for the Second Year in a Row in 2021." Accessed December 14, 2022.
- Centers for Disease Control. "Social Determinants of Health." Accessed December 15, 2022.
- Council on Foreign Relations. "U.S. Life Expectancy Is in Decline. Why Aren’t Other Countries Suffering the Same Problem?." Accessed December 22, 2022.
- University of Wisconsin Population Health Institute. "County Health Rankings & Roadmaps." Accessed December 2, 2022.