A Guide to Your First Credit Card
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Credit cards can be a useful tool for building credit and covering unforeseen expenses, but they do require that you use your card wisely. Having a strong credit profile is a crucial decision factor used by landlords, utility companies and other financial institutions. A low credit score or high debt can reflect poorly on an applicant, possibly resulting in denial. Additionally, if credit is managed incorrectly, it can cause significant debt, high interest rates and financial burden.
As a first-time credit card holder, it’s important to learn how to manage your spending, what you should consider before applying and what credit card may be the best option for you.
Should You Get a Credit Card?
Getting your first credit card can be exciting as it increases your buying power and gives you the opportunity to start building your credit. Before you apply for a credit card, be sure you understand how credit cards work and how you plan on using credit. These initial steps can help keep you financially successful and avoid overusing your credit.
Why a Credit Card May Be a Good Option for You
Credit cards provide a variety of benefits to cardholders, including securely purchasing everyday or big-ticket items. If you’re on the fence about whether you should or shouldn’t apply for a credit card, below are a few benefits a credit card offers.
1. Incentives and Rewards
There are plenty of credit cards that offer extra incentives or rewards for cardholders, such as cash back, points, shopping and student discounts, frequent flyer miles and some even offer airport lounge access or rewards at partner merchants. These types of rewards can help you save in the long run and provide perks based on your preferences and interests.
2. Ease of Use and Convenience
Most businesses accept credit cards as a form of payment. This means that wherever you are in the world, your credit card is likely to get accepted, especially if it’s from a well-known credit card issuer such as Visa and Mastercard. A credit card also decreases the need to carry cash on you.
3. Build Your Credit
A credit card is one of the most popular ways to build credit. As a responsible credit card user, you can easily build a positive credit score to open up financial opportunities for you. A good rule of thumb to boost your credit is to spend what you can pay off the next month in full, maintain on-time payments and have a zero balance on your card.
4. Keep Your Account Secure
In the unfortunate situation your credit card information is stolen or your online identity is compromised and your credit card is used, you can immediately secure your account by filing a fraudulent purchase claim. You must report the card or card number as stolen as soon as possible and work with your credit card company on reversing the charges. Many credit card companies also offer email or text alerts that will contact you when questionable or large purchases are made. This helps ensure that fraudulent purchases are caught as soon as they’re made and your account can be closed or suspended to stop additional fraudulent expenses.
5. Track Your Spending
You can easily track your credit card spending through your account statement or bank’s online portal or mobile application. By keeping tabs on your spending, you can also ensure you’re staying within your budget and on track to reaching your financial goals. It can also help you course correct if your spending is going over your budgeted limits. Some issuers may even let you generate reports to let you see what categories you spend on the most during a certain period.
Why You Shouldn’t Get a Credit Card
Despite all the benefits a credit card could provide, it’s important to determine if it’s the best choice for your financial circumstances. Getting a credit card may not be the best choice if you’re currently living paycheck-to-paycheck, if you’re a heavy spender, you’re frequently outside of your budget, or if you’re currently working on repaying debt.
There are several factors to help you determine if a credit card is the best option for you outlined below.
1. Accrued Interest
If you tend to not be able to pay your balance off in full each month, you may want to opt for a debit card or cash instead. Credit card interest fees can reach staggering heights — with the average standing at 17.13% in 2021.
2. Tests Your Spending Self-Control
While having a credit card can help you track your budget, it can also just as easily help you ignore it. It’s easy to forget how small charges can rack up, especially if you’re operating on what is essentially borrowed money. It can also be tempting to use it for large purchases which could lead to long repayment times with accrued interest.
3. Late Payment Penalties
If you aren’t sure you can make the payments, you may be better off foregoing a credit card until you’re in a better place financially. Credit cards can penalize you with additional interest for late payments, sometimes even going as far as charging the maximum interest rate.
4. Varying Fees
It’s important to read the fine print closely when you get a new credit card. There are plenty of fees connected to your account that you should be aware of, such as your annual fees, annual percentage rate (APR), late payment fees and balance transfer fees. If you don’t familiarize yourself with these potential fees, you may end up with a higher bill than you expected at the end of your billing cycle or see annual fees you may not have budgeted for.
5. It Can Put You Into Greater Debt
If you’re already holding some form of debt, whether it’s through loans, unforeseen expenses or continued catching up from a financial hit, getting a credit card could put you into greater debt if you’re not careful. A MoneyGeek study shows that 18% of Americans find managing credit card debt as their greatest source of finance-related stress. If you feel you aren’t in the best place to handle credit card expenses, you may want to hold off on applying for one.
5 Factors to Consider Before Getting Your First Card
There are a number of factors you should consider prior to applying for your first credit card, such as your spending habits, current credit history and what you can financially take on. After all, the right credit card should help you build your credit profile, not make it more difficult for you to increase your score. Below are five factors to consider when applying for your first card.
There are a range of credit cards available on the market, but keep in mind that not all cards may be available to you as a first-time cardholder. Some cards have prerequisites including high-income earner status, long-time cardholder, or maintain an excellent credit score.
Your financial capacity
Consider where you financially stand before applying for a credit card. Are you struggling to pay your bills every month? Are you currently paying down debt? If so, you may want to skip getting a credit card until your finances are more stable.
Your financial habits
Even if your financial situation is good, understanding your financial habits can help you determine if a credit card is right for you. If you are an impulsive shopper or you overspend your monthly budget, you may want to consider sticking to your debit card until you’ve strengthened your financial habits and avoided racking up debt.
Your needs and alternative options
Ask yourself why you need credit. Do you crave the security of having additional funds available for emergencies? Do you want to make a large purchase? Are you seeking a long-term financing option? If you discover that you’re seeking additional financing for large purchases, you may benefit from a loan and a lower interest rate than a credit card.
Your current credit history
You may be denied an unsecured credit card if you have little-to-no credit history or less-than-perfect credit. You can obtain a free credit report and review it before you apply. This way, you can dispute any errors and increase your chances of getting approved. If you’re interested in improving your credit history, a secured credit card — a credit card that you add money to and use to build credit — may be a good option to help boost your rating.
How to Pick the Best First Credit Card
With the vast number of credit card options on the market, choosing the best card for your needs is important. Selecting a card with the right balance of fees and rewards can help ensure you use it for the right reasons and avoid going over your budget.
Whether you’re a student or a young adult getting your first card, to understand how to choose the best credit card, it’s important to learn the different types of cards available.
Credit Card Types
There are a variety of credit cards available on the market that can make the choice difficult, especially for first-time cardholders. Each card type has its own pros and cons that meet different needs, which is why it’s important to identify why you need the credit card in the first place. Learn about the different types of credit cards and what their benefits are below.
- Balance Transfer CardsThis credit card is designed to help you transfer your balance from a loan or another credit card to benefit from a lower interest rate. You can transfer the balance of personal loans, student loans, auto loans and more.
- Credit Builder CardsA straightforward card meant to build credit. They often come with low credit limits and high Annual Percentage Rates (APR) as they are meant for high-risk individuals, such as first-time credit card holders or individuals with a bad credit score. On time payments in full shows banks that you are a responsible lender, which may get you better card offers in the future.
- Travel CardsMost credit cards often come with foreign transaction fees that make it costly to purchase items abroad, but a travel credit card is the opposite. Travel credit cards have little to no foreign transaction fees and eliminate the risk of carrying cash when traveling. However, they may also come with high interest rates and an annual fee.
- Reward CardsA card that offers rewards just for using it. This can come in the form of points, miles or cash-back. However, it is often paired with an annual fee and a high APR. And you may need a good credit score to get approved.
- Student CardsStudent cards are one of the best options to start building credit as the requirements are not as stringent. Most student credit cards don’t charge an annual fee and may offer perks or rewards for maintaining good grades.
How to Choose the Right Credit Card for You
The right credit card for you will depend on your spending habits and how you intend to use it. For instance, if you’re struggling to pay your bills on a monthly basis, getting a credit card may not be the best idea.
However, if you’re in the right place financially, think about how you intend to use your card and what your situation is. Do you just want to build credit? Do you want rewards for spending and can you afford annual fees? If you’re a student, student credit cards may be the best option. Otherwise, think of the other types of cards available to you. This step will help determine what type of card is right for your needs.
After determining what type of card you want to opt for, compare different card options from different issuers. Take a look at the interest rate, fees and rewards involved along with the eligibility requirements. For instance, if you want a cash back credit card, take a look at the rewards and think about how often you’ll benefit from them. Comparing different cards ensures you get the most ideal rates and rewards that suit your spending habits.
Qualifying for Your First Credit Card
Getting your first credit card is a big financial decision, and navigating the process of getting one is just as exciting. To make the process as smooth as possible, it’s important to learn what the requirements are beforehand and the steps to applying.
Getting a Credit Card for the First Time
When you apply for your first card, evaluating your options thoroughly is important to avoid getting saddled with a card you can’t handle. Below is a quick guide to applying for a credit card for the first time.
- Get a list of the basic requirements and prepare what you have. This usually involves being at least 18 years old, having a Social Security number and providing proof of your income.
- Decide on the type of card you want. By now, you should have some idea of what type of card you’d like to apply for, whether it’s a basic credit-building card or a rewards card.
- Compare different credit cards. Once you know what you want to get, search the market for credit cards that meet your needs. This is also a good time to figure out the maximum threshold for interest rates and fees that you can handle.
- Decide on a card and submit the required information. When you’ve narrowed down your list and are ready to apply, visit the nearest bank branch or submit your requirements online through your desired bank’s respective website.
What Credit Card Issuers Look For
Before you can get your first credit card, keep in mind that credit card issuers require certain information that determines whether you’ll get approved. Note that the information provided will be considered for all credit card applications.
Your financial information
This includes your employment status, income and even your bank account information. These are used to figure out the appropriate credit limit for your card.
Your personal details
Some personal information you’ll have to submit include your date of birth, Social Security number, citizenship, address and contact details. You may also be asked for your housing situation, such as if you’re renting, are a homeowner or live with others.
Your credit history
This will include any details about any loans you may have. Note that having a limited credit history can affect your chances of credit card approval, as it determines how creditworthy you are.
Your credit score
If you already have a credit score, whether it comes from loans or paying your bills on time, your card-issuing bank will ask for it. If you don’t have an established credit score yet, expect your credit card options to be limited as this often carries the most weight in approval decisions.
What to Do if Your Credit Card Application Is Denied
If you’re applying for a credit card for the first time and have limited credit history and no credit score, there is a chance your application may be declined. While this can be disappointing, know that you are free to apply again, but it’s best if you do it after a few months. Learn how to navigate a denied application so you can get approved next time you apply. You may be able to contact the card issuer directly, resolve any issues over the phone and get approved.
Find out why
If your application is rejected, the Fair Credit Reporting Act legally requires the card-issuer to detail their decision through an adverse action letter. A few reasons you may be denied could be filling out the application incorrectly, having an insufficient income or having a large amount of debt to pay off. Finding out why you were rejected can help you improve your chances the next time you try to apply.
Wait before reapplying
Avoid reapplying right away. During the application process, banks make inquiries on your credit report, which can ultimately affect your score. The recommended minimum wait time is at least three months, but you can wait as long as six months or more.
Request for a free credit report
After your application is denied, you have about 60 days to request a free copy of the credit report that the bank used to make a decision. Review it when you receive it to see if you can dispute any errors you see.
Aim to improve what’s needed
While waiting to reapply, you should work on improving your financial or credit profile. For instance, if you were denied due to having an issue with your credit score, try to build your credit in other ways, such as becoming an authorized user on a friend’s or family member’s credit card, or applying for a credit-builder loan to help you make regular payments. You can look into a secured credit card to help you pay off your bills on time and spend responsibility before moving on to an unsecured card.
Use Your Credit Card Responsibly
A credit card can make dealing with finances more rewarding and convenient, but it can be easy to get carried away. Purchases used via credit can stack up quickly, and before you know it, you may accrue more debt than you can handle. This can have long-lasting damage to your credit score and future finances.
Do’s and Don’ts When Using Your Credit Cards
Viewing credit cards as financial tools and learning how to use them responsibly is the key to avoid getting into significant debt. Below are a few basic do’s and don’ts to keep in mind when you finally have your credit card in hand.
- Keep your credit utilization ratio in mind.
- Pay your monthly statements on time.
- Check your monthly statement for errors.
- Pay more than the minimum payment where possible.
- Review and monitor your credit score.
- Make it a habit to go over your credit limit.
- Use credit as a substitute for income or spend more than you can afford in cash.
- Carry a balance at the end of each month.
- Lose track of your spending.
- Apply for more credit cards if you have difficulties paying off balances on other cards or you are in debt.
Key Terms to Know Before Applying for a Credit Card
When you apply for a credit card, you may encounter a few terms that can be confusing to understand. To choose the best card for you, make sure to understand the key credit card terms prior to research.
- Annual FeeThe annual fee is how much you pay to own a credit card.
- Annual Percentage Rate (APR)The APR is what is commonly known as the interest rate. This is the cost of borrowing money. Try to find a good APR to avoid incurring costly repercussions if you carry a balance.
- BalanceHow much you owe your credit card bill is what is known as your balance. This can change if you don’t pay what is owed within a month and “carry over” into the next month. For instance, if you owe $500 and only pay $250, your balance for the next month is $250.
- Balance TransferA balance transfer is where you transfer the debt from one credit card to another. It involves fees and has its own APR. However, balance transfers only apply to those who previously have a credit card account.
- Billing CycleThis is the period between your last statement’s closing date and the next, which should usually be a minimum of 21 days.
- Credit LimitYour credit limit is how much you can spend or borrow each month. This is determined based on your personal and financial profile. If you’re a first-time cardholder, expect that it won’t be high.
- Foreign Transaction FeeThis is the additional fee that is charged for every purchase you make outside the U.S.
- Late Payment FeeIf you pay your credit card bill late, this is the penalty or fee that your bank will impose on you.
- Penalty APRIf you continuously make late payments, your bank may issue a penalty APR. This is higher than your regular APR and can be applied for a certain period of time until you can prove you will make regular payments again.
- Prime RateThis is the best interest rate that banks can give consumers. If the prime rate changes, your APR will as well.
Important Credit Cards Tips You Should Know
Credit cards are a step towards building a better financial future and foundation, but knowing how to use and maintain them is equally important. To maximize the benefits and avoid overspending, keep the following tips in mind.
- Download your card’s mobile app. Most credit cards come with mobile applications, which you can use to track your spending and your current balance. Some apps even offer extra rewards or show you where you can get discounts. Make sure to download your card’s respective app.
- Set a personal budget. As it is your first card, avoid going over the credit limit. Set a budget for yourself and keep track of your spending through your credit card’s mobile app to ensure you’re aware of your balances and spending habits.
- Take advantage of rewards and discounts. If you have a rewards card, this can help you save on your common expenses. If applicable, take advantage of additional discounts, especially if you plan to use your credit card for day-to-day expenses.
- Keep the fees in mind. Look out for the fees involved with using a credit card. This can include late payment fees, over-the-limit fees and foreign transaction fees. Ensure that you don’t put yourself in a situation where you end up having to pay hefty fees.
- Protect your card information. Make sure to protect your card information when shopping online by double-checking the merchant, using third-party apps like PayPal, Apple Pay or Android Pay, and avoid using unsecured Wi-Fi networks.
- Know what to do in case of fraud. You should call your credit card company immediately and change your passwords on the same day if you detect fraudulent activity. You will also want to monitor your statements and credit reports more vigilantly afterward so you can dispute and report any further charges.
How to Budget With a Credit Card
Budgeting with your credit card is essential to ensure responsible card use and a good credit score. After all, you don’t want to end up with a mountain of debt after getting your first card. Below are a few tips in order to maintain a budget with your credit card.
Set an overall limit
You don’t want to end up using most or all of your credit limit, as it’s recommended that you only keep your credit utilization below 30% of your actual limit. Having a limit also ensures that you don’t use your credit card for all your spending.
Track your spending
Tracking your spending is an essential part of any budget. Fortunately, as most credit cards come with a mobile app or online portal, tracking your expenses has become even easier. This can help you learn your spending habits and decrease unnecessary purchases.
Avoid carrying a balance
By properly tracking your purchases and staying within your financial means, you can avoid carrying a balance on your credit card.
Adjust your billing schedule
If you can choose the date of your credit card billing cycle, opt for a date that aligns with your pay period to make your payments easier. This also ensures you pay your bills on time and stay within your spending limits.
Use your rewards
If your card comes with any offers or rewards for common expenses, make use of them. This way, whatever you save can be put towards any savings, investments or debt.
Expert Insight on Your First Credit Card
Applying for a credit card is an exciting prospect, but is one that needs to be carefully evaluated. MoneyGeek consulted experts within the financial industry for insight on what you need to know about getting your first credit card.
- What is the best advice to give first-time credit card applicants and holders?
- What are some key reasons that indicate that it’s not the right time to get a credit card?
Education Manager at Debt Reduction Services, Inc.
Founder of Mergers & Inquisitions and Breaking Into Wall Street
CEO & Co-founder of Dovly
Managing Partner, CFP®
Assistant Professor of Financial Planning and CFP Program Director at The American College of Financial Services
Resources for Getting Your First Credit Card
Learning about how credit cards work is crucial to ensure that you use them right. Below are a few resources to help you learn more about getting your first credit card and ensure you’re on the path toward making the right financial choices to avoid debt.
- Consumer.gov: Learn more about the basics of using credit, what it involves and what to do in this guide by Consumer.gov.
- Consumer Financial Protection Bureau: This worksheet from the CFPB lets you create personal rules to live by when it comes to your credit.
- Federal Student Aid: Geared for college students, this guide by the FSA provides more information on financial literacy and making sound financial decisions regarding a vast number of financial products, such as credit cards.
- Federal Trade Commission: As a first-time credit cardholder it’s important to learn how to settle any credit card debt should it become too large for you to handle. Learn about debt settlement in this guide from the FTC. Using the FTC’s budget sheet can help you get started.
- Junior Achievement: Dedicated to teaching students about workforce readiness and financial literacy through hands-on programs, the JA organization is a great option for students who want to learn more about life after graduation.
- National Endowment for Financial Education: For those who want to receive financial education, NEFE provides programs that can help people take control of their finances regardless of their income level.
- National Foundation for Credit Counseling: The NFCC is a nonprofit network of credit counseling organizations that are dedicated to counseling those who need debt relief. Utilizing the NFCC’s credit card payment calculator can help you determine how much you’d pay in interest and how you can plan to pay off debt.
- Financial Counseling Association of America: The FCAA is a nonprofit organization represented by financial counseling companies. It offers people a range of counseling, such as credit, housing, student loan and bankruptcy. FCAA members also provide assistance and support for debt management and financial education.
- Society for Financial Education & Professional Development: The SFEPD provides financial education and professional development seminars and workshops for college students and for those in the workforce.
About the Author
- Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. "Consumer Credit - G.19." Accessed December 7, 2021.
- Debt.org. "Key Figures Behind America’s Consumer Debt." Accessed November 11, 2021.
- Federal Trade Commission. "Fair Credit Reporting Act." Accessed November 12, 2021.
- National Foundation for Credit Counseling. "2020 Annual Financial Literacy Survey." Accessed November 11, 2021.
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